27, 28 and 29 March 2019


II Axes of reflection


Migration as a process of movement and mobility of individuals and groups of people, the example of what might be called today “the Libyan case”, is a concern. The personal, economic and social or even political motivations that drive the immigrant from his territory to other horizons, sometimes at risk, are also highly topical scientific and media. In this today’s facts of migration, the high-profile communications and the players who run them are not less fields of reflections from the perspective of the channels of information or their involvement in the proliferation of the phenomenon. The networks of smugglers are not doubt another variant of these players in the mobilization of young people to immigration. Similarly, the actions of people that help immigrants or refugees are other variants of the migration report. Modes of communication (formal and informal) of these local actors and their networks that characterize them are identified as another line of the intellectual debate that this axis intends to highlight.

The issue here is so interested in the profiles of these actors (individuals, media and institutions) and their modes of communication. How the networks of smugglers or traffickers appropriate means of communication in their activities to encourage young people to immigration?



The number of lines of research and productions on the phenomenon of immigration, cultural diversity and its challenge “of reasonable accommodations”, of “living together” or even intercultural integration are one of the fundamental themes the more addressed in human and social sciences as well as by the media in their broadcasts. The subject seems always topical with the intensification of the phenomenon as a territorial and transnational scourge. For example, the will of young Africans to migrate to Western destinations or Sahelian through the North of their continent results in situations of difficult partnerships on host or transit land. It is the same for Haitian migrants or Nigerians who leave the United States to go to Canada because of policies put in place by the American president. In these places in issues, on the hand, the reactions of the population and the media coverage are rather lukewarm and secondly, behaviors of resurgence of slavery as servitude, abuse and dehumanization of “the tool animated”, than we thought completely abolished at the beginning of the 20th century are a practice. The information carried by media and social networks on these recent cases aroused strong reactions and even the mobilization. In Canada, for example, people used the “diaspora diplomacy” and Libya, the challenge of the African diaspora and local people against this slavery practice judged retrograde in the evolution of the world and human rights, raises the issue of “figure from abroad” by Schutz in a “position of in-between-cultures” in a new environment friendly or hostile.

In other words, the phenomenon of clandestine or regular migration on groups of individuals motivated by various reasons (social, economic, political, demographic, security, professional, etc.) is a major issue of cohabitation of sometimes dehumanizing practices, intercultural relations, mutual perceptions, etc. These realities facing migrants in a dimension of cross-cultural identities (with the local populations) and the social and communicative interactions resulting reveal forms of representation of itself and the other that it appears important to examine again in an area where communication tools abound and change social and human habits as a part of itself. The axis invites to reflect on these dimensions of intercultural variables that contemporary immigration lets decline.



The development of the internet and ICT offers the opportunity to connect more easily to the community of origin (even scattered around the world) and to obtain more easily the geographical sphere of origin information diasporas. According to Proulx, thanks to ICTs, the migrants come to maintain or create social links remotely. That is what, in other words, Sayad expresses when he states that “any group has at every moment, to be able to communicate with absent members (where emigrants) a set of instruments that make up system”. ICT (social web or media online) foster the emergence of diasporic public space. They allow access to information in real time, almost instant communication with compatriots who remained in the country. This situation is seen by some as an explanatory factor of migration flows from Africa to the West. ICTs have a kind dynamic communication between diasporas and migrants under the aspect “of individuals connected” through digital applications in a global socio-technical context.

This strong dominance of digital exchanges reveals a new form of sociability, and at the same time, a field of multidisciplinary research on issues arising therefrom. From the foregoing, we can ask the question, among others, of how the development of digital communication participating to forge the desire to leave his country of origin for unknown lands. What role the diaspora connected in this quest for Eldorado outside the territories of origin? How diasporas positioning them as groups of reference for candidates to immigration? These questions are reflection on possible links between diasporas, ICT and the phenomena of contemporary migration this axis of reflection intended to highlight in a perspective of scientific debate.



Due to the expansive development it brings about and various consequences that it results, international and cross-border migration phenomenon is more a social, scientific and media concern. It appeals to governmental and non-governmental organizations, civil society and the international community on specific issues safety, orderly and «respectful of human dignity» mobility benefit and society “or better governance of the situation. On the cases of African migrants auctioned in Libya and which triggered an outcry after a video of CNN aired November 13, 2017, the French president, Emmanuel Macron, speaking of “crime against humanity”; proposes that the topic is being discussed in The United Nations Security Council. The present axis, precisely, deals with addressing all issues related to the approaches organizations or national or supranational institutions around the phenomena of contemporary migrants: dehumanization and slavery, cultural integration, territorial security, socio-economic development, governance of the flow migration, etc. This vision means all actions, communication (speech, means of communication…) and/or the reflections of national organizations (Government, NGO…), international (AU, EU, UN…) and scientific (institutes, foundations, schools or universities…) on contemporary migration in their diversity. This axis can be extended to migration intercontinental (from Africa to Europe, from Europe to North America, from the East to the West…) and intercontinental (the example from the Center to North America and South America, intra-African, intra-European or intra-Asian travel…). It invites us to look at the speeches and communications of national and international institutions on the phenomenon of migrants, to address national and international interests that explain these practices as well as intercultural relations that they show. Furthermore, what are the geostrategic issues revealed in the speech in question on the migration crisis? What are the methodologies and theoretical approaches developed in the apprehension of the issue?